Citing references in scientific research papers

In-text attribution is the attribution inside a sentence of material to its source, in addition to an inline citation after the sentence. In-text attribution should be used with direct speech (a source's words between quotation marks or as a block quotation ); indirect speech (a source's words modified without quotation marks); and close paraphrasing . It can also be used when loosely summarizing a source's position in your own words. It avoids inadvertent plagiarism and helps the reader see where a position is coming from. An inline citation should follow the attribution, usually at the end of the sentence or paragraph in question.

Using Endnote Online & Endnote Desktop:  to store & organise references from the Library Catalogue, databases & other resources.  These tools also enable you to import references into your work so that they appear as in-text citations and as references in your list/bibliography.   Please note : to use the Library's custom Harvard Bath with EndNote Desktop on your own PC/laptop, you will need to save this file to your styles folder.   Browse to the EndNote program file folder on your hard disk and paste or drop this file into the folder.  It will then appear in your list of style options in EndNote. 

Citation patterns are also known to be affected by unethical behavior of both the authors and journal staff. Such behavior is called impact factor boosting, and was reported to involve even the top-tier journals. Specifically the high-ranking journals of medical science, including the Lancet, JAMA and New England Journal of Medicine, are thought to be associated with such behavior, with up to 30% of citations to these journals being generated by commissioned opinion articles. [34] On the other hand, the phenomenon of citation cartels is rising. Citation cartels are defined as groups of authors that cite each other disproportionately more than they do other groups of authors who work on the same subject. [35]

Citing references in scientific research papers

citing references in scientific research papers

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