Case studies are used in many professional education programs, primarily in business school, to present real-world situations to students and to assess their ability to parse out the important aspects of a given dilemma. In general, a case study should include, in order: background on the business environment, description of the given business, identification of a key problem or issue, steps taken to address the issue, your assessment of that response, and suggestions for better business strategy. The steps below will guide you through the process of analyzing a business case study in this way.
Usage Note: The word data is the plural of Latin datum, “something given.” In English, most notably in scientific usage, this plural usage is still common, as in this example: “Eventually, his data suggest, a tumor's … alterations give rise to mutant cells” Janet RaloffBut data is also standard in denoting a singular mass entity (like information ), especially in writing for a more general audience: “Before data is transmitted in bulk around the internet, it is routinely compressed to reduce redundancy” Richard Dawkins “Goodall … wanted to get as much data as possible from her animals before she had to leave them” Elizabeth Royte • In our 2005 survey, 66 percent of the Usage Panel accepted the use of data with a singular verb and pronoun in the sentence Once the data is in, we can begin to analyze it. Fully 92 percent accepted the sentence We have very little data on the efficacy of such programs, the same percentage that accepted the use of data as a plural noun. (Note that the quantifier very little, like much in the last quotation given above, is not used with plural nouns such as facts or results. ) The percentages in the 2005 survey represent significant increases over those of our 1988 survey, making it safe to say that singular data has become a standard usage.
Based on our research, you can deduct most of the fines you paid to the Slammin-Jammin Club as a charitable contribution since they are in the nature of gifts per Duberstein, a 1960 Supreme Court decision. In this judicial case, the taxpayer received a Cadillac in return for periodically giving names of potential customers to a business associate. The Supreme Court held that the Cadillacs value was gross income to the taxpayer since the donors intent to make a gift was the key factor establishing the transfer as a gift. Similarly, you intended to make a gift to the American Red Cross. You voluntarily joined the club and were aware from the beginning that the bulk of fines you paid would benefit the American Red Cross. Thus, you are entitled to a deduction.